Georgiy Vasilyevich Malakov (1928-1979) was a talented Ukrainian artist who lived in Kiev. His specialty was linocut printing, a technique in which the relief surface is created on a sheet of linoleum. He illustrated many books, including The Decameron, The Legend of Thyl Ulenspiegel and Lamme Goedzak, Quentin Durward, as well as books by prominent Russian authors. Some of his linocut art can be found here: http://gorod.tomsk.ru/index-1263731901.php
When the Nazis occupied Kiev in 1941, Georgiy was 13 years old. He had developed love for drawing and already showed his talent. During the occupation he chronicled his experiences in his drawings, creating a pictorial diary.
The graphic works below show the era through the eyes of a teenage boy Goga (as Georgiy Malakov was called by his family and friends). Most of them were created either during the war or soon after the war from the diary sketches. In these pictures we often see Goga’s brother, Dima, who was 4 years old in 1941.
Communal kitchen, Kruglouniversitetskiy street, 7-a (14), Apt. 29. Khanon, Goga, Dima, Nikita Terentyevich and Antonina Grigoryevna.
Dad burning “bad” books in the communal kitchen. In the background – Karmalyga and Khanon. 1937.
At the exhibition of captured weapons in Pervomayskiy Park. 1939.
(In 1939 the Soviet Union invaded Poland. – S.K.)
June 22, 1941: First bombs. Kozlovskaya Street.
Top: Goga and Dima sit out an air raid in a trench at the 1st of May Park. July 1941.
Center: Goga watches an antiaircraft gun repel an air attack. July 1941.
Bottom: June 30, 1941. A public meeting by a downed German Ju-88 plane in front of the City Council.
(Institutskaya Street is in the center of the city, and Goloseevo is a southern district of Kiev. – S.K.)
(Per Stalin’s orders bridges, factories, important buildings, etc, were to be destroyed to prevent Germans from using them. – S.K.)
(Soviet authorities fled Kiev, but Germans did not arrive yet. From September 17 to September 19, 1941, the city had no government at all. The residents plundered state stores and establishments. – S.K.)
Top: Loot the loot – Flour.
Center: Grab the can!
Bottom: Kievans plunder a grocery store.
(Kreshchatik is the main street in the center of Kiev – S.K.)
(Note that a flower bed like the one on the left was used for the graves.- S.K.)
(German authorities ordered the locals to turn in firearms, gas masks and radio sets within 24 hours under the threat of shooting. – S.K.)
(Apparently this took place before the German order to surrender radio sets. On June 25, 1941, the Soviet government ordered Soviet citizens to hand in their radio sets to the authorities for temporary storage. – S.K.)
(Per Soviet orders, many buildings and strategic objects were mined before the retreat. Secret agents left behind set off the radio-controlled mines when Germans occupied the city. The result was fires that raged for days, numerous casualties among locals and Germans, and loss of housing for many Kievans. German sappers managed to disable some mines and save a number of landmarks. – S.K.)
(A “cockerel” is a hard transparent candy shaped like a rooster on a stick. They came in different colors – red, green, yellow, etc. In this picture you can see the “cockerel” lollipops set out like flowers in a jar on the left.- S.K.)
(“One-and-half-ton”, or”polutorka” in Russian, was the most common model of Soviet trucks. Germans captured and put into service a large number of “polutorkas”. – S.K.)
(The other poster with Hitler’s portrait reads: Hitler-Liberator. – S.K.)
(Quilted jackets, vests and pants with cotton wool padding were popular as winter clothing. – S.K.)
(The newspaper title is “Communist”. The round piece on the wall on the right is a wire radio loudspeaker. -S.K.)
(Teenage boys often carted luggage for Germans from railway stations to their billets. The pay usually was with food – bread, chocolate, etc., which helped their starving families. Note the woman with a dog. German officials and staff brought their wives or girlfriends to Kiev, away from the Allied bombings in Germany. Kievans frequently saw German women walking their dogs. – S.K.)
In the backyard of the Labor Office – Wirtschaftsleiter Hahn. 1942.
Goga works at Arts and Crafts Workshops. (The big benefit was that his pay included a serving of hot stew for lunch. – S.K.)
(Round-ups of civilians for local fortifications work or labor in Germany became a routine event in 1942. – S.K.)
(It was common to glue paper strips across windowpanes to prevent their shattering from distant explosions. – S.K.)
(Taras Shevchenko was a prominent Ukrainian poet, artist and humanist who lived in 19th century. Various effigies and busts of Shevchenko (like the ones seen here) were ubiquitous in Ukraine. – S.K.)
(Note the busts of Taras Shevchenko. – S.K.)
Goga visits Viktor Mikhaylovich Mernoy. 1943.